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Ratification of Constitutional Amendments

Article 5 of the Constitution provides for the amendment of the Constitution by various means (see The Amendments Page for details). However an amendment is proposed, it does not become part of the Constitution unless it is ratified by three-quarters of the states (either the legislatures thereof, or in amendment conamendment. The following is a record of each ratified amendment and the states and dates that led to the ratification. The Constitutional Timeline and the Ratification Grid may also be of interest.

The information contained on this page was found on the Amendments to the Constitution Page at Emory University's site and on the Text of the Amendments Page at the GPO's site. As noted on those pages, the dates published here are based on the best information available.

There is some disagreement about the ability of a state to rescind an amendment ratification prior to full ratification. In U.S. history, thus far, no rescinded ratifications have made a difference in the long run, though they certainly have happened, especially to the Reconstruction Amendments, 13 through 15. On this page, only dates of first ratification are listed. States that never accepted an amendment are not listed at all.

In each table, the "*" column will contain a * symbol next to the state that provided the required three-quarters vote for ratification. Note that the number of states required for ratification increased through history - some amendments, then, required more states at the time of ratification than they needed at the time of proposal.

Quick links: Bill of Rights, 11th, 12th, 13th, 14th, 15th, 16th, 17th, 18th, 19th, 20th, 21st, 22nd, 23rd, 24th, 25th, 26th, 27th.


The first ten amendments, commonly known as a group as the Bill of Rights, were all ratified at once. The amendments were proposed on September 25, 1789.

# State Date *
1 New Jersey Nov 20, 1789
2 Maryland Dec 19, 1789
3 North Carolina Dec 22, 1789
4 South Carolina Jan 19, 1790
5 New Hampshire Jan 25, 1790
6 Delaware Jan 28, 1790
7 New York Feb 24, 1790
8 Pennsylvania Mar 10, 1790
9 Rhode Island Jun 7, 1790
10 Vermont Nov 3, 1791
11 Virginia Dec 15, 1791 *
12 Massachusetts Mar 2, 1939
13 Georgia Mar 18, 1939
14 Connecticut Apr 19, 1939
Ratified in 811 days

The 11th Amendment, which limits Supreme Court jurisdiction, was proposed on March 4, 1794.

# State Date *
1 New York Mar 27, 1794
2 Rhode Island Mar 31, 1794
3 Connecticut May 8, 1794
4 New Hampshire Jun 16, 1794
5 Massachusetts Jun 26, 1794
6 Vermont Nov 9, 1794
7 Virginia Nov 18, 1794
8 Georgia Nov 29, 1794
9 Kentucky Dec 7, 1794
10 Maryland Dec 26, 1794
11 Delaware Jan 23, 1795
12 North Carolina Feb 7, 1795 *
13 South Carolina Dec 4, 1797
Ratified in 340 days

The 12th Amendment, which reworks the presidential selection process, was proposed on December 9, 1803.

# State Date *
1 North Carolina Dec 21, 1803
2 Maryland Dec 24, 1803
3 Kentucky Dec 27, 1803
4 Ohio Dec 30, 1803
5 Pennsylvania Jan 5, 1804
6 Vermont Jan 30, 1804
7 Virginia Feb 3, 1804
8 New York Feb 10, 1804
9 New Jersey Feb 22, 1804
10 Rhode Island Mar 12, 1804
11 South Carolina May 15, 1804
12 Georgia May 19, 1804
13 New Hampshire Jun 15, 1804 *
14 Tennessee Jul 27, 1804
Ratified in 189 days

This amendment was specifically rejected by Delaware on Jan 18, 1804; by Massachusetts on Feb 3, 1804; and by Connecticut, on May 10, 1804.


The 13th Amendment, which prohibits slavery, was proposed on January 31, 1865.

# State Date *
1 Illinois Feb 1, 1865
2 Rhode Island Feb 2, 1865
3 Michigan Feb 3, 1865
4 Maryland Feb 3, 1865
5 New York Feb 3, 1865
6 Pennsylvania Feb 3, 1865
7 West Virginia Feb 3, 1865
8 Missouri Feb 6, 1865
9 Maine Feb 7, 1865
10 Kansas Feb 7, 1865
11 Massachusetts Feb 7, 1865
12 Virginia Feb 9, 1865
13 Ohio Feb 10, 1865
14 Indiana Feb 13, 1865
15 Nevada Feb 16, 1865
16 Louisiana Feb 17, 1865
17 Minnesota Feb 23, 1865
18 Wisconsin Feb 24, 1865
19 Vermont Mar 8, 1865
20 Tennessee Apr 7, 1865
21 Arkansas Apr 14, 1865
22 Connecticut May 4, 1865
23 New Hampshire Jul 1, 1865
24 South Carolina Nov 13, 1865
25 Alabama Dec 2, 1865
26 North Carolina Dec 4, 1865
27 Georgia Dec 6, 1865 *
28 Oregon Dec 8, 1865
29 California Dec 19, 1865
30 Florida Dec 28, 1865
31 Iowa Jan 15, 1866
32 New Jersey Jan 23, 1866
33 Texas Feb 18, 1870
34 Delaware Feb 12, 1901
35 Kentucky Mar 18, 1976
36 Mississippi Mar 16, 1995 *
Ratified in 309 days

* Mississippi ratified the amendment in 1995, but the state didn't officially notify the US Archivist until 2012, when the ratification finally became official.

This amendment was specifically rejected by Delaware on Feb 8, 1865; by Kentucky on Feb 24, 1865; by New Jersey on Mar 16, 1865; and by Mississippi on Dec 4, 1865. Florida reaffirmed its ratification on Jun 9, 1868.


The 14th Amendment, which guarantees the rights of citizens and other persons, was proposed on June 13, 1866.

# State Date *
1 Connecticut Jun 25, 1866
2 New Hampshire Jul 6, 1866
3 Tennessee Jul 19, 1866
4 New Jersey Sep 11, 1866
5 Oregon Sep 19, 1866
6 Vermont Oct 30, 1866
7 Ohio Jan 4, 1867
8 New York Jan 10, 1867
9 Kansas Jan 11, 1867
10 Illinois Jan 15, 1867
11 West Virginia Jan 16, 1867
12 Michigan Jan 16, 1867
13 Minnesota Jan 16, 1867
14 Maine Jan 19, 1867
15 Nevada Jan 22, 1867
16 Indiana Jan 23, 1867
17 Missouri Jan 25, 1867
18 Rhode Island Feb 7, 1867
19 Wisconsin Feb 7, 1867
20 Pennsylvania Feb 12, 1867
21 Massachusetts Mar 20, 1867
22 Nebraska Jun 15, 1867
23 Iowa Mar 16, 1868
24 Arkansas Apr 6, 1868
25 Florida Jun 9, 1868
26 North Carolina Jul 4, 1868
27 Louisiana Jul 9, 1868
28 South Carolina Jul 9, 1868 *
29 Alabama Jul 13, 1868
30 Georgia Jul 21, 1868
31 Virginia Oct 8, 1869
32 Mississippi Jan 17, 1870
33 Texas Feb 18, 1870
34 Delaware Feb 12, 1901
35 Maryland Apr 4, 1959
36 California May 6, 1959
37 Kentucky Mar 18, 1976
Ratified in 757 days

This amendment was specifically rejected by Texas on Oct 27, 1866; by Georgia on Nov 6, 1866; by North Carolina on Dec 14, 1866; by South Carolina on Dec 20, 1866; by Kentucky on Jan 8, 1867; by Virginia on Jan 9, 1867; by Louisiana on Feb 6, 1867; by Delaware on Feb 8, 1867; and by Maryland on Mar 23, 1867. New Jersey's ratification was rescinded on Mar 24, 1868; Ohio rescinded its ratification on Jan 15, 1868 and ratified again on Mar 13, 2003.


The 15th Amendment, which ensures the right of black men to vote, was proposed on February 26, 1869.

# State Date *
1 Nevada Mar 1, 1869
2 West Virginia Mar 3, 1869
3 Illinois Mar 5, 1869
4 Louisiana Mar 5, 1869
6 Michigan Mar 5, 1869
5 North Carolina Mar 5, 1869
7 Wisconsin Mar 5, 1869
8 Maine Mar 11, 1869
9 Massachusetts Mar 12, 1869
10 Arkansas Mar 15, 1869
11 South Carolina Mar 15, 1869
12 Pennsylvania Mar 25, 1869
13 New York Apr 14, 1869
14 Indiana May 14, 1869
15 Connecticut May 19, 1869
16 Florida Jun 14, 1869
17 New Hampshire Jul 1, 1869
18 Virginia Oct 8, 1869
19 Vermont Oct 20, 1869
20 Alabama Nov 16, 1869
21 Missouri Jan 7, 1870
22 Minnesota Jan 13, 1870
23 Mississippi Jan 17, 1870
24 Rhode Island Jan 18, 1870
25 Kansas Jan 19, 1870
26 Ohio Jan 27, 1870
27 Georgia Feb 2, 1870
28 Iowa Feb 3, 1870 *
29 Nebraska Feb 17, 1870
30 Texas Feb 18, 1870
31 New Jersey Feb 15, 1871
32 Delaware Feb 12, 1901
33 Oregon Feb 24, 1959
34 California Apr 3, 1962
35 Maryland May 7, 1973
36 Kentucky Mar 18, 1976
37 Tennessee April 8, 1997
Ratified in 342 days

This amendment was specifically rejected by Kentucky on Mar 12, 1869; by Delaware on Mar 18, 1869; by Ohio on Apr 30, 1869; by Tennessee on Nov 16, 1869; by California on Jan 28, 1870; by New Jersey on Feb 7, 1870; and by Maryland on Feb 26, 1870. New York rescinded its ratification on Jan 5, 1870, and rescinded the rescission on Mar 30, 1970.


The 16th Amendment, which specifically authorizes the income tax, was proposed on July 12, 1909.

# State Date *
1 Alabama Aug 10, 1909
2 Kentucky Feb 8, 1910
3 South Carolina Feb 19, 1910
4 Illinois Mar 1, 1910
5 Mississippi Mar 7, 1910
6 Oklahoma Mar 10, 1910
7 Maryland Apr 8, 1910
8 Georgia Aug 3, 1910
9 Texas Aug 16, 1910
10 Ohio Jan 19, 1911
11 Idaho Jan 20, 1911
12 Oregon Jan 23, 1911
13 Washington Jan 26, 1911
14 Montana Jan 30, 1911
15 Indiana Jan 30, 1911
16 California Jan 31, 1911
17 Nevada Jan 31, 1911
18 South Dakota Feb 3, 1911
19 Nebraska Feb 9, 1911
20 North Carolina Feb 11, 1911
21 Colorado Feb 15, 1911
22 North Dakota Feb 17, 1911
23 Kansas Feb 18, 1911
24 Michigan Feb 23, 1911
25 Iowa Feb 24, 1911
26 Missouri Mar 16, 1911
27 Maine Mar 31, 1911
28 Tennessee Apr 7, 1911
29 Arkansas Apr 22, 1911
30 Wisconsin May 26, 1911
31 New York Jul 12, 1911
32 Arizona Apr 6, 1912
33 Minnesota Jun 11, 1912
34 Louisiana Jun 28, 1912
35 West Virginia Jan 31, 1913
36 New Mexico Feb 3, 1913 *
37 Massachusetts Mar 4, 1913
38 New Hampshire Mar 7, 1913
Ratified in 1302 days

This amendment was specifically rejected by New Hampshire on Mar 2, 1911. It was also rejected by Arkansas prior to its subsequent ratification, and by Connecticut, Rhode Island, and Utah.


The 17th Amendment, which required Senators be elected by the people, was proposed on May 13, 1912.

# State Date *
1 Massachusetts May 22, 1912
2 Arizona Jun 3, 1912
3 Minnesota Jun 10, 1912
4 New York Jan 15, 1913
5 Kansas Jan 17, 1913
6 Oregon Jan 23, 1913
7 North Carolina Jan 25, 1913
8 California Jan 28, 1913
9 Michigan Jan 28, 1913
10 Iowa Jan 30, 1913
11 Montana Jan 30, 1913
12 Idaho Jan 31, 1913
13 West Virginia Feb 4, 1913
14 Colorado Feb 5, 1913
15 Nevada Feb 6, 1913
16 Texas Feb 7, 1913
17 Washington Feb 7, 1913
18 Wyoming Feb 8, 1913
19 Arkansas Feb 11, 1913
20 Maine Feb 11, 1913
21 Illinois Feb 13, 1913
22 North Dakota Feb 14, 1913
23 Wisconsin Feb 18, 1913
24 Indiana Feb 19, 1913
25 New Hampshire Feb 19, 1913
26 Vermont Feb 19, 1913
27 South Dakota Feb 19, 1913
28 Oklahoma Feb 24, 1913
29 Ohio Feb 25, 1913
30 Missouri Mar 7, 1913
31 New Mexico Mar 13, 1913
32 Nebraska Mar 14, 1913
33 New Jersey Mar 17, 1913
34 Tennessee Apr 1, 1913
35 Pennsylvania Apr 2, 1913
36 Connecticut Apr 8, 1913 *
37 Louisiana Jun 11, 1914
37 Delaware Jun 25, 2010
Ratified in 330 days

This amendment was specifically rejected by Utah on Feb 26, 1913.


The 18th Amendment, which prohibited alcohol, was proposed on December 18, 1917.

# State Date *
1 Mississippi Jan 8, 1918
2 Virginia Jan 11, 1918
3 Kentucky Jan 14, 1918
4 North Dakota Jan 25, 1918
5 South Carolina Jan 29, 1918
6 Maryland Feb 13, 1918
7 Montana Feb 19, 1918
8 Texas Mar 4, 1918
9 Delaware Mar 18, 1918
10 South Dakota Mar 20, 1918
11 Massachusetts Apr 2, 1918
12 Arizona May 24, 1918
13 Georgia Jun 26, 1918
14 Louisiana Aug 3, 1918
15 Florida Dec 3, 1918
16 Michigan Jan 2, 1919
17 Ohio Jan 7, 1919
18 Oklahoma Jan 7, 1919
19 Idaho Jan 8, 1919
20 Maine Jan 8, 1919
21 West Virginia Jan 9, 1919
22 California Jan 13, 1919
23 Tennessee Jan 13, 1919
24 Washington Jan 13, 1919
25 Arkansas Jan 14, 1919
26 Kansas Jan 14, 1919
27 Alabama Jan 15, 1919
28 Colorado Jan 15, 1919
29 Iowa Jan 15, 1919
30 New Hampshire Jan 15, 1919
31 Oregon Jan 15, 1919
32 Nebraska Jan 16, 1919
33 North Carolina Jan 16, 1919
34 Utah Jan 16, 1919
35 Missouri Jan 16, 1919
36 Wyoming Jan 16, 1919 *
37 Minnesota Jan 17, 1919
38 Wisconsin Jan 17, 1919
39 New Mexico Jan 20, 1919
40 Nevada Jan 21, 1919
41 New York Jan 29, 1919
42 Vermont Jan 29, 1919
43 Pennsylvania Feb 25, 1919
44 Connecticut May 6, 1919
45 New Jersey Mar 9, 1922
Ratified in 394 days

This amendment was specifically rejected by Rhode Island.


The 19th Amendment, which ensures women the right to vote, was proposed on June 4, 1919.

# State Date *
1 Illinois Jun 10, 1919;
2 Michigan Jun 10, 1919
3 Wisconsin Jun 10, 1919
4 Kansas Jun 16, 1919
5 New York Jun 16, 1919
6 Ohio Jun 16, 1919
7 Pennsylvania Jun 24, 1919
8 Massachusetts Jun 25, 1919
9 Texas Jun 28, 1919
10 Iowa July 2, 1919
11 Missouri Jul 3, 1919
12 Arkansas Jul 28, 1919
13 Montana Aug 2, 1919
14 Nebraska Aug 2, 1919
15 Minnesota Sep 8, 1919
16 New Hampshire Sep 10, 1919
17 Utah Oct 2, 1919
18 California Nov 1, 1919
19 Maine Nov 5, 1919
20 North Dakota Dec 1, 1919
21 South Dakota Dec 4, 1919
22 Colorado Dec 15, 1919
23 Kentucky Jan 6, 1920
24 Rhode Island Jan 6, 1920
25 Oregon Jan 13, 1920
26 Indiana Jan 16, 1920
27 Wyoming Jan 27, 1920
28 Nevada Feb 7, 1920
29 New Jersey Feb 9, 1920
30 Idaho Feb 11, 1920
31 Arizona Feb 12, 1920
32 New Mexico Feb 21, 1920
33 Oklahoma Feb 28, 1920
34 West Virginia Mar 10, 1920
35 Washington Mar 22, 1920
36 Tennessee Aug 18, 1920 *
37 Connecticut Sep 14, 1920
38 Vermont Feb 8, 1921
39 Delaware Mar 6, 1923
40 Maryland Mar 29, 1941
41 Virginia Feb 21, 1952
42 Alabama Sep 8, 1953
43 Florida May 13, 1969
44 South Carolina Jul 1, 1969
45 Georgia Feb 20, 1970
46 Louisiana Jun 11, 1970
47 North Carolina May 6, 1971
48 Mississippi Mar 22, 1984
Ratified in 441 days

This amendment was specifically rejected by Georgia on Jul 24, 1919; by Alabama on Sep 22, 1919; by South Carolina on Jan 28, 1920; by Virginia on Feb 12, 1920; by Maryland on Feb 24, 1920; by Mississippi on Mar 29, 1920; by Delaware on Jun 2, 1920; and by Louisiana on Jul 1, 1920.

Illinois reaffirmed its ratification on Jun 17, 1919; Connecticut reaffirmed its ratification on Sep 21, 1920. Maryland's ratification was not certified until Feb 25, 1958. South Carolina's ratification was not certified until Aug 22, 1973.


The 20th Amendment, which sets the dates for the beginning of congressional and presidential terms, was proposed on March 2, 1932.

# State Date *
1 Virginia Mar 4, 1932
2 New York Mar 11, 1932
3 Mississippi Mar 16, 1932
4 Arkansas Mar 17, 1932
5 Kentucky Mar 17, 1932
6 New Jersey Mar 21, 1932
7 South Carolina Mar 25, 1932
8 Michigan Mar 31, 1932
9 Maine Apr 1, 1932
10 Rhode Island Apr 14, 1932
11 Illinois Apr 21, 1932
12 Louisiana Jun 22, 1932
13 West Virginia Jul 30, 1932
14 Pennsylvania Aug 11, 1932
15 Indiana Aug 15, 1932
16 Texas Sep 7, 1932
17 Alabama Sep 13, 1932
18 California Jan 4, 1933
19 North Carolina Jan 5, 1933
20 North Dakota Jan 9, 1933
21 Minnesota Jan 12, 1933
22 Arizona Jan 13, 1933
23 Montana Jan 13, 1933
24 Nebraska Jan 13, 1933
25 Oklahoma Jan 13, 1933
26 Kansas Jan 16, 1933
27 Oregon Jan 16, 1933
28 Delaware Jan 19, 1933
29 Washington Jan 19, 1933
30 Wyoming Jan 19, 1933
31 Iowa Jan 20, 1933
32 South Dakota Jan 20, 1933
33 Tennessee Jan 20, 1933
34 Idaho Jan 21, 1933
35 New Mexico Jan 21, 1933
36 Georgia Jan 23, 1933
37 Missouri Jan 23, 1933
38 Ohio Jan 23, 1933
39 Utah Jan 23, 1933 *
40 Massachusetts Jan 24, 1933
41 Wisconsin Jan 24, 1933
42 Colorado Jan 24, 1933
43 Nevada Jan 26, 1933
44 Connecticut Jan 27, 1933
45 New Hampshire Jan 31, 1933
46 Vermont Feb 2, 1933
47 Maryland Mar 24, 1933
48 Florida Apr 26, 1933
Ratified in 327 days

The 21st Amendment, which repealed Amendment 18, was proposed on February 20, 1933.

# State Date *
1 Michigan April 10, 1933
2 Wisconsin Apr 25, 1933
3 Rhode Island May 8, 1933
4 Wyoming May 25, 1933
5 New Jersey Jun 1, 1933
6 Delaware Jun 24, 1933
7 Indiana Jun 26, 1933
8 Massachusetts Jun 26, 1933
9 New York Jun 27, 1933
10 Illinois Jul 10, 1933
11 Iowa Jul 10, 1933
12 Connecticut Jul 11, 1933
13 New Hampshire Jul 11, 1933
14 California Jul 24, 1933
15 West Virginia Jul 25, 1933
16 Arkansas Aug 1, 1933
17 Oregon Aug 7, 1933
18 Alabama Aug 8, 1933
19 Tennessee Aug 11, 1933
20 Missouri Aug 29, 1933
21 Arizona Sep 5, 1933
22 Nevada Sep 5, 1933
23 Vermont Sep 23, 1933
24 Colorado Sep 26, 1933
25 Washington Oct 3, 1933
26 Minnesota Oct 10, 1933
27 Idaho Oct 17, 1933
28 Maryland Oct 18, 1933
29 Virginia Oct 25, 1933
30 New Mexico Nov 2, 1933
31 Florida Nov 14, 1933
32 Texas Nov 24, 1933
33 Kentucky Nov 27, 1933
34 Ohio Dec 5, 1933
35 Pennsylvania Dec 5, 1933
36 Utah Dec 5, 1933 *
37 Maine Dec 6, 1933
38 Montana Aug 6, 1934
Ratified in 288 days

This amendment was specifically rejected by South Carolina on Dec 4, 1933.


The 22nd Amendment, which sets the presidential two-term limit, was proposed on March 21, 1947.

# State Date *
1 Maine Mar 31, 1947
2 Michigan Mar 31, 1947
3 Iowa Apr 1, 1947
4 Kansas Apr 1, 1947
5 New Hampshire Apr 1, 1947
6 Delaware Apr 2, 1947
7 Illinois Apr 3, 1947
8 Oregon Apr 3, 1947
9 Colorado Apr 12, 1947
10 California Apr 15, 1947
11 New Jersey Apr 15, 1947
12 Vermont Apr 15, 1947
13 Ohio Apr 16, 1947
14 Wisconsin Apr 16, 1947
15 Pennsylvania Apr 29, 1947
16 Connecticut May 21, 1947
17 Missouri May 22, 1947
18 Nebraska May 23, 1947
19 Virginia Jan 28, 1948
20 Mississippi Feb 12, 1948
21 New York Mar 9, 1948
22 South Dakota Jan 21, 1949
23 North Dakota Feb 25, 1949
24 Louisiana May 17, 1950
25 Montana Jan 25, 1951
26 Indiana Jan 29, 1951
27 Idaho Jan 30, 1951
28 New Mexico Feb 12, 1951
29 Wyoming Feb 12, 1951
30 Arkansas Feb 15, 1951
31 Georgia Feb 17, 1951
32 Tennessee Feb 20, 1951
33 Texas Feb 22, 1951
34 Nevada Feb 26, 1951
35 Utah Feb 26, 1951
36 Minnesota Feb 27, 1951 *
37 North Carolina Feb 28, 1951
38 South Carolina Mar 13, 1951
39 Maryland Mar 14, 1951
40 Florida Apr 16, 1951
41 Alabama May 4, 1951
Ratified in 1439 days

This amendment was specifically rejected by Oklahoma in Jun 1947; and by Massachusetts on Jun 9, 1949.


The 23rd Amendment, which grants Washington D.C. electoral votes, was proposed on June 17, 1960.

# State Date *
1 Hawaii Jun 23, 1960
2 Massachusetts Aug 22, 1960
3 New Jersey Dec 19, 1960
4 New York Jan 17, 1961
5 California Jan 19, 1961
6 Oregon Jan 27, 1961
7 Maryland Jan 30, 1961
8 Idaho Jan 31, 1961
9 Maine Jan 31, 1961
10 Minnesota Jan 31, 1961
11 New Mexico Feb 1, 1961
12 Nevada Feb 2, 1961
13 Montana Feb 6, 1961
14 South Dakota Feb 6, 1961
15 Colorado Feb 8, 1961
16 Washington Feb 9, 1961
17 West Virginia Feb 9, 1961
18 Alaska Feb 10, 1961
19 Wyoming Feb 13, 1961
20 Delaware Feb 20, 1961
21 Utah Feb 21, 1961
22 Wisconsin Feb 21, 1961
23 Pennsylvania Feb 28, 1961
24 Indiana Mar 3, 1961
25 North Dakota Mar 3, 1961
26 Tennessee Mar 6, 1961
27 Michigan Mar 8, 1961
28 Connecticut Mar 9, 1961
29 Arizona Mar 10, 1961
30 Illinois Mar 14, 1961
31 Nebraska Mar 15, 1961
32 Vermont Mar 15, 1961
33 Iowa Mar 16, 1961
34 Missouri Mar 20, 1961
35 Oklahoma Mar 21, 1961
36 Rhode Island Mar 22, 1961
37 Kansas Mar 29, 1961
38 Ohio Mar 29, 1961 *
39 New Hampshire Mar 30, 1961
40 Alabama Apr 16, 2002
Ratified in 285 days

This amendment was specifically rejected by Arkansas on Jan 24, 1961. New Hampshire ratified on Mar 29, 1961 but then rescinded the ratification the same day.


The 24th Amendment, which ensures the vote cannot be taken away for failing to pay a poll tax, was proposed on August 27, 1962.

# State Date *
1 Illinois Nov 14, 1962
2 New Jersey Dec 3, 1962
3 Oregon Jan 25, 1963
4 Montana Jan 28, 1963
5 West Virginia Feb 1, 1963
6 New York Feb 4, 1963
7 Maryland Feb 6, 1963
8 California Feb 7, 1963
9 Alaska Feb 11, 1963
10 Rhode Island Feb 14, 1963
11 Indiana Feb 19, 1963
12 Utah Feb 20, 1963
13 Michigan Feb 20, 1963
14 Colorado Feb 21, 1963
15 Ohio Feb 27, 1963
16 Minnesota Feb 27, 1963
17 New Mexico Mar 5, 1963
18 Hawaii Mar 6, 1963
19 North Dakota Mar 7, 1963
20 Idaho Mar 8, 1963
21 Washington Mar 14, 1963
22 Vermont Mar 15, 1963
23 Nevada Mar 19, 1963
24 Connecticut Mar 20, 1963
25 Tennessee Mar 21, 1963
26 Pennsylvania Mar 25, 1963
27 Wisconsin Mar 26, 1963
28 Kansas Mar 28, 1963
29 Massachusetts Mar 28, 1963
30 Nebraska Apr 4, 1963
31 Florida Apr 18, 1963
32 Iowa Apr 24, 1963
33 Delaware May 1, 1963
34 Missouri May 13, 1963
35 New Hampshire Jun 12, 1963
36 Kentucky Jun 27, 1963
37 Maine Jan 16, 1964
38 South Dakota Jan 23, 1964 *
39 Virginia Feb 25, 1977
40 North Carolina May 3, 1989
Ratified in 514 days

This amendment was specifically rejected by Mississippi on Dec 20, 1962.


The 25th Amendment, which details presidential disability procedures, was proposed on July 6, 1965.

# State Date *
1 Nebraska Jul 12, 1965
2 Wisconsin Jul 13, 1965
3 Oklahoma Jul 16, 1965
4 Massachusetts Aug 9, 1965
5 Pennsylvania Aug 18, 1965
6 Kentucky Sep 15, 1965
7 Arizona Sep 22, 1965
8 Michigan Oct 5, 1965
9 Indiana Oct 20, 1965
10 California Oct 21, 1965
11 Arkansas Nov 4, 1965
12 New Jersey Nov 29, 1965
13 Delaware Dec 7, 1965
14 Utah Jan 17, 1966
15 West Virginia Jan 20, 1966
16 Maine Jan 24, 1966
17 Rhode Island Jan 28, 1966
18 Colorado Feb 3, 1966
19 New Mexico Feb 3, 1966
20 Kansas Feb 8, 1966
21 Vermont Feb 10, 1966
22 Alaska Feb 18, 1966
23 Idaho Mar 2, 1966
24 Hawaii Mar 3, 1966
25 Virginia Mar 8, 1966
26 Mississippi Mar 10, 1966
27 New York Mar 14, 1966
28 Maryland Mar 23, 1966
29 Missouri Mar 30, 1966
30 New Hampshire Jun 13, 1966
31 Louisiana Jul 5, 1966
32 Tennessee Jan 12, 1967
33 Wyoming Jan 25, 1967
34 Washington Jan 26, 1967
35 Iowa Jan 26, 1967
36 Oregon Feb 2, 1967
37 Minnesota Feb 10, 1967
38 Nevada Feb 10, 1967 *
39 Connecticut Feb 14, 1967
40 Montana Feb 15, 1967
41 South Dakota Mar 6, 1967
42 Ohio Mar 7, 1967
43 Alabama Mar 14, 1967
44 North Carolina Mar 22, 1967
45 Illinois Mar 22, 1967
46 Texas Apr 25, 1967
47 Florida May 25, 1967
Ratified in 584 days

The 26th Amendment, which ensures the vote to all citizens over the age of 18, was proposed on March 23, 1971.

# State Date *
1 Connecticut Mar 23, 1971
2 Delaware Mar 23, 1971
3 Minnesota Mar 23, 1971
4 Tennessee Mar 23, 1971
5 Washington Mar 23, 1971
6 Hawaii Mar 24, 1971
7 Massachusetts Mar 24, 1971
8 Montana Mar 29, 1971
9 Arkansas Mar 30, 1971
10 Idaho Mar 30, 1971
11 Iowa Mar 30, 1971
12 Nebraska Apr 2, 1971
13 New Jersey Apr 3, 1971
14 Kansas Apr 7, 1971
15 Michigan Apr 7, 1971
16 Alaska Apr 8, 1971
17 Maryland Apr 8, 1971
18 Indiana Apr 8, 1971
19 Maine Apr 9, 1971
20 Vermont Apr 16, 1971
21 Louisiana Apr 17, 1971
22 California Apr 19, 1971
23 Colorado Apr 27, 1971
24 Pennsylvania Apr 27, 1971
25 Texas Apr 27, 1971
26 South Carolina Apr 28, 1971
27 West Virginia Apr 28, 1971
28 New Hampshire May 13, 1971
29 Arizona May 14, 1971
30 Rhode Island May 27, 1971
31 New York Jun 2, 1971
32 Oregon Jun 4, 1971
33 Missouri Jun 14, 1971
34 Wisconsin Jun 22, 1971
35 Illinois Jun 29, 1971
36 Alabama Jun 30, 1971
37 Ohio Jun 30, 1971
38 North Carolina Jul 1, 1971
39 Oklahoma Jul 1, 1971 *
40 Virginia Jul 8, 1971
41 Wyoming Jul 8, 1971
42 Georgia Oct 4, 1971
Ratified in 100 days

The 27th Amendment, which restricts raises in congressional pay, was proposed on September 25, 1789.

# State Date *
1 Maryland Dec 19, 1789
2 North Carolina Dec 22, 1789
3 South Carolina Jan 19, 1790
4 Delaware Jan 28, 1790
5 Vermont Nov 3, 1791
6 Virginia Dec 15, 1791
7 Ohio May 6, 1873
8 Wyoming Mar 6, 1978
9 Maine Apr 27, 1983
10 Colorado Apr 22, 1984
11 South Dakota Feb 21, 1985
12 New Hampshire Mar 7, 1985
13 Arizona Apr 3, 1985
14 Tennessee May 23, 1985
15 Oklahoma Jul 10, 1985
16 New Mexico Feb 14, 1986
17 Indiana Feb 24, 1986
18 Utah Feb 25, 1986
19 Arkansas Mar 6, 1987
20 Montana Mar 17, 1987
21 Connecticut May 13, 1987
22 Wisconsin Jul 15, 1987
23 Georgia Feb 2, 1988
24 West Virginia Mar 10, 1988
25 Louisiana Jul 7, 1988
26 Iowa Feb 9, 1989
27 Idaho Mar 23, 1989
28 Nevada Apr 26, 1989
29 Alaska May 6, 1989
30 Oregon May 19, 1989
31 Minnesota May 22, 1989
32 Texas May 25, 1989
33 Kansas Apr 5, 1990
34 Florida May 31, 1990
35 North Dakota Mar 25, 1991
36 Alabama May 5, 1992
37 Missouri May 5, 1992
38 Michigan May 7, 1992
39 New Jersey May 7, 1992 *
40 Illinois May 12, 1992
41 California June 26, 1992
Ratified in 74003 days


URL: http://www.usconstitution.net/constamrat.html

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