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Results of Presidential Elections

The following is a list of all national elections for President. Popular vote counts are shown when available. The Presidential winner is shown in bold; the Vice Presidential winner is shown in italics.

A separate page lists the electoral votes cast in each election.

Prior to the 1804 election, the method of electing the Vice President, as spelled out in the Constitution, was for the first runner-up to be the Vice President.

There are many sources for historical popular vote election returns. The National Archives has a site that lists the election returns for the winner and main opponent. This page, however, uses the data at the Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections as its source. The author of that site did extensive research, asking Secretaries of State from all states for official returns from all elections.

Year
Name Party Electoral Vote (%)
1788 EV
George Washington none 69 (50.36)
John Adams none 34 (24.82)
John Jay none 9 (6.57)
Robert Harrison none 6 (4.38)
John Rutledge none 6 (4.38)
John Hancock none 4 (2.92)
George Clinton none 2 (1.46)
Samuel Huntington none 2 (1.46)
John Milton none 2 (1.46)
James Armstrong none 1 (0.73)
Benjamin Lincoln none 1 (0.73)
Edward Telfair none 1 (0.73)
1792 EV
George Washington Federalist 132 (50.00)
John Adams Federalist 77 (29.17)
George Clinton Anti-Federalist 50 (18.94)
Thomas Jefferson Anti-Federalist 4 (1.52)
Aaron Burr Anti-Federalist 1 (0.38)
1796 EV
John Adams Federalist 71 (25.72)
Thomas Jefferson Democratic-Republican 68 (24.64)
Thomas Pinckney Federalist 59 (21.38)
Aaron Burr Democratic-Republican 30 (10.87)
Samuel Adams - 15 (5.43)
Oliver Ellsworth - 11 (3.99)
George Clinton - 7 (2.54)
John Jay - 5 (1.81)
James Iredell - 3 (1.09)
Samuel Johnson - 2 (0.72)
George Washington - 2 (0.72)
John Henry - 2 (0.72)
Charles Pinckney - 1 (0.36)
1800 note EV
Thomas Jefferson Democratic-Republican 73 (26.45)
Aaron Burr Democratic-Republican 73 (26.45)
John Adams Federalist 65 (23.56)
Thomas Pinckney Federalist 64 (23.19)
John Jay Federalist 1 (0.36)

Starting with the 1804 election, the method of electing the Vice President, as spelled out in the 12th Amendment, led to separate ballots cast for the President and Vice President, with the winner in each race gaining the seat.

Percentages for popular vote only include the votes listed. In every election, some votes are cast for minor candidates. Though these numbers of votes are small compared to the total, their absence from the total could affect the true percentages by a few tenths or hundredths of a percent.

Year
President Vice President
Name Party PV (%) EV (%) Name Party EV (%)
1804 EV
Thomas Jefferson Democratic-Republican - 162 (92.05) George Clinton Democratic-Republican 162 (92.05)
Charles C. Pinckney Federalist - 14 (7.95) Rufus King Federalist 14 (7.95)
1808 EV
James Madison Democratic-Republican - 122 (69.32) George Clinton Democratic-Republican 113 (64.20)
Charles C. Pinckney Federalist - 47 (26.70) Rufus King Federalist 47 (26.70)
George Clinton Democratic-Republican - 6 (3.41) John Langdon none 9 (5.11)
uncast - - 1 (0.57) James Madison Democratic-Republican 3 (1.70)
James Monroe Democratic-Republican 3 (1.70)
uncast - 1 (0.57)
1812 EV
James Madison Democratic-Republican - 128 (58.99) Elbridge Gerry Democratic-Republican 131 (60.37)
De Witt Clinton Federalist - 89 (41.01) Jared Ingersol Federalist 86 (39.63)
1816 EV
James Monroe Democratic-Republican - 183 (84.33) Daniel Tompkins Democratic-Republican 183 (84.33)
Rufus King Federalist - 34 (15.67) John Howard Federalist 22 (10.14)
James Ross none 5 (2.30)
John Marshall Federalist 4 (1.84)
Robert Harper none 3 (1.38)
1820 EV
James Monroe Democratic-Republican - 231 (98.30) Daniel Tompkins Democratic-Republican 218 (92.77)
John Quincy Adams none - 1 (0.43) Richard Stockton none 8 (3.40)
uncast - - 3 (1.28) Daniel Rodney none 4 (1.70)
Richard Rush none 1 (0.43)
Robert Harper none 1 (0.43)
uncast - 3 (1.28)
1824 note EV
John Quincy Adams Democratic-Republican 113,142 (30.92) 84 (32.18) John Calhoun Democratic-Republican 182 (69.73)
Andrew Jackson Democratic-Republican 151,363 (41.36) 99 (37.93) Nathan Stanford Democratic-Republican 30 (11.49)
William Crawford Democratic-Republican 41,032 (11.21) 41 (15.71) Nathaniel Macon Democratic-Republican 24 (9.20)
Henry Clay Democratic-Republican 47,545 (12.99) 37 (14.18) Andrew Jackson Democratic-Republican 13 (4.98)
Martin Van Buren Democratic-Republican 9 (3.45)
Henry Clay Democratic-Republican 2 (0.77)
1828 EV
Andrew Jackson Democratic 642,806 (55.93) 178 (68.20) John Calhoun Democratic 171 (65.52)
John Quincy Adams National Republican 501,967 (43.68) 83 (31.80) Richard Rush National Republican 83 (31.80)
William Smith Democratic 7 (2.68)
1832 EV
Andrew Jackson Democratic 702,735 (54.74) 219 (76.04) Martin Van Buren Democratic 189 (65.63)
Henry Clay National Republican 474,107 (36.93) 49 (17.01) John Sergeant National Republican 49 (17.01)
John Floyd Independent Democrat - 11 (3.82) Henry Lee Independent Democrat 11 (3.82)
William Wirt Anitmasonic 99,817 (7.78) 7 (2.43) Amos Ellmaker Antimasonic 7 (2.43)
uncast - - 2 (0.69) William Wilkins - 30 (1.04)
uncast - 2 (0.69)
1836 note EV
Martin Van Buren Democratic 763,291 (50.79) 170 (57.82) Richard Johnson Democratic 147 (50.00)
William Harrison Whig 549,907 (36.59) 73 (24.83) Francis Granger Whig 77 (26.19)
Hugh White Whig 146,107 (9.72) 26 (8.84) John Tyler Whig 47 (15.99)
Daniel Webster Whig 41,201 (2.74) 14 (4.76) William Smith - 23 (7.82)
William Mangum Independent Democrat - 11 (3.74)
1840 EV
William Harrison Whig 1,275,583 (52.87) 234 (79.59) John Tyler Whig 234 (79.59)
Martin Van Buren Democratic 1,129,645 (46.82) 60 (20.41) Richard Johnson Democratic 48 (16.33)
L.W. Tazewell - 11 (3.74)
James Polk Democratic 1 (0.34)
1844 EV
James Polk Democratic 1,339,570 (49.54) 170 (61.82) George Dallas Democratic 170 (61.82)
Henry Clay Whig 1,300,157 (48.09) 105 (38.18) Theodore Frelinghuysen Whig 105 (38.18)
James Birney Liberty 62,054 (2.30) 0 (0.00) Theodore Frelinghuysen Liberty 0 (0.00)
1848 EV
Zachary Taylor Whig 1,360,235 (47.28) 163 (56.21) Millard Fillmore Whig 163 (56.21)
Lewis Cass Democratic 1,222,353 (42.49) 127 (43.79) William Butler Democratic 127 (43.79)
Martin Van Buren Free Soil 291,475 (10.13) 0 (0.00) Charles Adams Free Soil 0 (0.00)
1852 EV
Franklin Pierce Democratic 1,605,943 (50.83) 254 (85.81) William King Democratic 254 (85.81)
Winfield Scott Whig 1,386,418 (43.88) 42 (14.19) William Graham Whig 42 (14.19)
John Hale Free Soil 155,799 (4.93) 0 (0.00) George Julian Free Soil 0 (0.00)
1856 - 11/04/1856 note EV
James Buchanan Democratic 1,835,140 (45.29) 174 (58.78) John Breckenridge Democratic 174 (58.78)
John Fremont Republican 1,340,668 (33.09) 114 (38.51) William Dayton Republican 114 (38.51)
Millard Fillmore American 872,703 (21.54) 8 (2.70) A.J. Donelson American 8 (2.70)
1860 - 11/06/1860 EV
Abraham Lincoln Republican 1,855,993 (39.65) 180 (59.41) Hannibal Hamlin Republican 180 (59.41)
John Breckenridge Democratic 851,844 (18.20) 72 (23.76) Joseph Lane Democratic 72 (23.76)
John Bell Constitutional Union 590,946 (12.62) 39 (12.87) Edward Everett Constitutional Union 39 (12.87)
Stephen Douglas Democratic 1,381,944 (29.52) 12 (3.96) H.V. Johnson Democratic 12 (3.96)
1864 - 11/08/1864 EV
Abraham Lincoln Union 2,211,317 (55.03) 212 (90.99) Andrew Johnson Union 212 (90.99)
George McClellan Democratic 1,806,227 (44.95) 21 (9.01) G.H. Pendleton Democratic 21 (9.01)
1868 - 11/03/1868 EV
Ulysses Grant Republican 3,013,790 (52.66) 214 (72.79) Schuyler Colfax Republican 214 (72.79)
Horatio Seymour Democratic 2,708,980 (47.34) 80 (27.21) Francis Blair Democratic 80 (27.21)
1872 - 11/05/1872 note EV
Ulysses Grant Republican 3,597,439 (55.58) 286 (81.25) Henry Wilson Republican 286 (81.25)
Horace Greeley Democratic, Liberal Republicans 2,833,710 (43.78) 0 (0.00) B. Gratz Brown Democratic, Liberal Republicans 47 (13.35)
Thomas Hendricks Democratic, Liberal Republicans - 42 (11.93) George Julian Democratic, Liberal Republicans 5 (1.42)
B. Gratz Brown Democratic, Liberal Republicans - 18 (5.11) Alfred Colquitt Democratic, Liberal Republicans 5 (1.42)
Charles Jenkins Democratic, Liberal Republicans - 2 (0.57) John Palmer Democratic, Liberal Republicans 3 (0.85)
David Davis Democratic, Liberal Republicans - 1 (0.28) Thomas Bramlette Democratic, Liberal Republicans 3 (0.85)
uncounted - - 3 (0.85) William Groesbeck Democratic, Liberal Republicans 1 (0.28)
Willis Machen Democratic, Liberal Republicans 1 (0.28)
N.P. Banks Democratic, Liberal Republicans 1 (0.28)
1876 - 11/07/1876 EV
Rutherford Hayes Republican 4,034,142 (47.92) 185 (50.14) William Wheeler Republican 185 (50.14)
Samuel Tilden Democratic 4,286,808 (50.92) 184 (49.86) Thomas Hendricks Democratic 184 (49.86)
Peter Cooper Greenback 83,726 (0.99) 0 (0.00) Samuel Cary Greenback 0 (0.00)
1880 - 11/02/1880 EV
James Garfield Republican 4,453,337 (48.31) 214 (57.99) Chester Arthur Republican 214 (57.99)
Winfield Hancock Democratic 4,444,267 (48.22) 155 (42.01) William English Democratic 155 (42.01)
James Weaver Greenback 306,135 (3.32) 0 (0.00) B.J. Chambers Greenback 0 (0.00)
1884 - 11/04/1884 EV
Grover Cleveland Democratic 4,914,482 (48.85) 219 (54.61) Thomas Hendricks Democratic 219 (54.61)
James Blaine Republican 4,856,903 (48.28) 182 (45.39) John Logan Republican 182 (45.39)
John St. John Prohibition 150,890 (1.50) 0 (0.00) William Daniel Prohibition 0 (0.00)
Benjamin Butler Greenback 134,294 (1.33) 0 (0.00) A.M. West Greenback 0 (0.00)
1888 - 11/06/1888 EV
Benjamin Harrison Republican 5,443,633 (47.80) 233 (58.10) Levi Morton Republican 233 (58.10)
Grover Cleveland Democratic 5,538,163 (48.63) 168 (41.90) A.G. Thurman Democratic 168 (41.90)
Clinton Fisk Prohibition 250,017 (2.20) 0 (0.00) John Brooks Prohibition 0 (0.00)
Alson Streeter Union Labor 149,115 (1.31) 0 (0.00) Charles Cunningham Union Labor 0 (0.00)
1892 - 11/08/1892 EV
Grover Cleveland Democratic 5,553,898 (46.02) 277 (62.39) Adlai Stevenson Democratic 277 (62.39)
Benjamin Harrison Republican 5,190,799 (43.01) 145 (32.66) Whitelaw Reid Republican 145 (32.66)
James Weaver People's 1,026,595 (8.51) 22 (4.95) James Field People's 22 (4.95)
John Bidwell Prohibition 270,889 (2.24) 0 (0.00) James Cranfield Prohibition 0 (0.00)
1896 - 11/03/1896 EV
William McKinley Republican 7,112,138 (51.02) 271 (60.63) Garret Hobart Republican 271 (60.63)
William Bryan Democratic, People's 6,510,807 (46.71) 176 (39.37) Arthur Sewall Democratic 149 (33.33)
Thomas Watson People's 27 (6.04)
John Palmer National Democratic 133,537 (0.96) 0 (0.00) Simon Buckner National Democratic 0 (0.00)
Joshua Levering Prohibition 124,896 (0.90) 0 (0.00) Hale Johnson Prohibition 0 (0.00)
1900 - 11/06/1900 EV
William McKinley Republican 7,228,864 (51.64) 292 (65.32) Theodore Roosevelt Republican 292 (65.32)
William Bryan Democratic, People's 6,370,932 (45.52) 155 (34.68) Adlai Stevenson Democratic, People's 155 (34.68)
Eugene Debs Social Democratic 87,945 (0.63) 0 (0.00) Job Harriman Social Democratic 0 (0.00)
1904 - 11/08/1904 EV
Theodore Roosevelt Republican 7,630,557 (56.42) 336 (70.59) Charles Fairbanks Republican 336 (70.59)
Alton Parker Democratic 5,083,880 (37.59) 140 (29.41) Henry Davis Democratic 140 (29.41)
Eugene Debs Socialist 402,810 (2.98) 0 (0.00) Benjamin Hanford Socialist 0 (0.00)
Silas Swallow Prohibition 259,103 (1.92) 0 (0.00) George Carroll Prohibition 0 (0.00)
Thomas Watson Populist 114,062 (0.84) 0 (0.00) Thomas Tibbles Populist 0 (0.00)
1908 - 11/03/1908 EV
William Taft Republican 7,678,335 (51.57) 321 (66.46) James Sherman Republican 321 (66.46)
William Bryan Democratic 6,408,979 (43.04) 162 (33.54) John Kern Democratic 162 (33.54)
Eugene Debs Socialist 420,852 (2.83) 0 (0.00) Benjamin Hanford Socialist 0 (0.00)
Eugene Chafin Prohibition 254,087 (1.71) 0 (0.00) Aaron Watkins Prohibition 0 (0.00)
Thomas Hisgen Independence 82,574 (0.55) 0 (0.00) John Graves Independence 0 (0.00)
1912 - 11/05/1912 EV
Woodrow Wilson Democratic 6,296,284 (41.84) 435 (81.92) Thomas Marshall Democratic 435 (81.92)
Theodore Roosevelt Progressive 4,122,721 (27.40) 88 (16.57) Hiram Johnson Progressive 88 (16.57)
William Taft Republican 3,486,242 (23.17) 8 (1.51) Nicholas Butler Republican 8 (1.51)
Eugene Debs Socialist 901,551 (5.99) 0 (0.00) Emil Seidel Socialist 0 (0.00)
Eugene Chafin Prohibition 208,156 (1.38) 0 (0.00) Aaron Watkins Prohibition 0 (0.00)
1916 - 11/07/1916 EV
Woodrow Wilson Democratic 9,126,868 (49.24) 277 (52.17) Thomas Marshall Democratic 277 (52.17)
Charles Hughes Republican 8,548,728 (46.12) 254 (47.83) Charles Fairbanks Republican 254 (47.83)
A.L. Benson Socialist 590,524 (3.19) 0 (0.00) G.R. Kirkpatrick Socialist 0 (0.00)
James Hanley Prohibition 221,302 (1.19) 0 (0.00) Ira Landrith Prohibition 0 (0.00)
1920 - 11/02/1920 EV
Warren Harding Republican 16,144,093 (60.32) 404 (76.08) Calvin Coolidge Republican 404 (76.08)
James Cox Democratic 9,139,661 (34.15) 127 (23.92) Franklin Roosevelt Democratic 127 (23.92)
Eugene Debs Socialist 913,693 (3.41) 0 (0.00) Seymour Stedman Socialist 0 (0.00)
Parley Christiansen Farmer-Labor 265,398 (0.99) 0 (0.00) Maximilian Hayes Farmer-Labor 0 (0.00)
Aaron Watkins Prohibition 188,787 (0.71) 0 (0.00) David Colvin Prohibition 0 (0.00)
1924 - 11/04/1924 EV
Calvin Coolidge Republican 15,723,789 (54.04) 382 (71.94) Charles Dawes Republican 382 (71.94)