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Justices of the Supreme Court

Justices of the Supreme Court are appointed for life by the president and confirmed by the Senate. Because of the lifetime appointment, the position of Justice is seen as a very powerful one. A Justice can sit on the bench through several presidencies and as the Congress changes hands from one political party to another and back again. The names of most of the Justices are less well known than the presidents, but any student of the American system of government should be familiar with them.

The names of Chief Justices are in bold. If an Associate Justice was promoted to Chief Justice, that person's name will appear twice in the list. These Associates are also marked with an asterisk next to the End Date of their Associate Term. Dates are in MM/DD/YYYY format. The list is presented in Start Date order. Years in service for currently serving Justices are as of August 7, 2010.

The source for this list is a list published on the official Supreme Court website.

Name President Start Date End Date Years
James Wilson Washington 10/05/1789 08/21/1798 8
John Jay Washington 10/19/1789 06/29/1795 5
William Cushing Washington 02/02/1790 09/13/1810 20
John Rutledge Washington 02/15/1790 03/05/1791 1
John Blair Washington 02/02/1790 10/25/1795 5
James Iredell Washington 05/12/1790 10/20/1799 9
Thomas Johnson Washington 08/06/1792 01/16/1793 0
William Paterson Washington 03/11/1793 09/09/1806 13
John Rutledge Washington 08/12/1795 12/15/1795 0
Samuel Chase Washington 02/04/1796 06/19/1811 15
Oliver Ellsworth Washington 03/08/1796 12/15/1800 4
Bushrod Washington Adams, J. 02/04/1799 11/26/1829 30
Alfred Moore Adams, J. 04/21/1800 01/26/1804 3
John Marshall Adams, J. 02/04/1801 07/06/1835 34
William Johnson Jefferson 05/07/1804 08/04/1834 30
Henry Brockholst Livingston Jefferson 01/20/1807 03/18/1823 16
Thomas Todd Jefferson 05/04/1807 02/07/1826 18
Gabriel Duvall Madison 11/23/1811 01/14/1835 23
Joseph Story Madison 02/03/1812 09/10/1845 33
Smith Thompson Monroe 09/01/1823 12/18/1843 20
Robert Trimble Adams, J.Q. 06/16/1826 08/25/1828 2
John McLean Jackson 01/11/1830 04/04/1861 31
Henry Baldwin Jackson 01/18/1830 04/21/1844 14
James Moore Wayne Jackson 01/14/1835 07/05/1867 32
Roger Brooke Taney Jackson 03/28/1836 10/12/1864 28
Philip Pendleton Barbour Jackson 05/12/1836 02/25/1841 4
John Catron Jackson 05/01/1837 05/30/1865 28
John McKinley Van Buren 01/09/1838 07/19/1852 14
Peter Vivian Daniel Van Buren 01/10/1842 05/31/1860 18
Samuel Nelson Tyler 02/27/1845 11/28/1872 27
Levi Woodbury Polk 09/23/1845 09/04/1851 5
Robert Cooper Grier Polk 08/10/1846 01/31/1870 23
Benjamin Robbins Curtis Fillmore 10/10/1851 09/30/1857 5
John Archibald Campbell Pierce 04/11/1853 04/30/1861 8
Nathan Clifford Buchanan 01/21/1858 07/25/1881 28
Noah Haynes Swayne Lincoln 01/27/1862 01/24/1881 18
Samuel Freeman Miller Lincoln 07/21/1862 10/13/1890 28
David Davis Lincoln 12/10/1862 03/04/1877 14
Stephen Johnson Field Lincoln 05/20/1863 12/01/1897 34
Salmon Portland Chase Lincoln 12/15/1864 05/07/1873 8
William Strong Grant 03/14/1870 12/14/1880 10
Joseph P. Bradley Grant 03/23/1870 01/22/1892 21
Ward Hunt Grant 01/09/1873 01/27/1882 9
Morrisson Remick Waite Grant 03/04/1874 03/23/1888 14
John Marshall Harlan Hayes 12/10/1877 10/14/1911 33
William Burnham Woods Hayes 01/05/1881 05/14/1887 6
Stanley Matthews Garfield 05/17/1881 03/22/1889 7
Horace Gray Arthur 01/09/1882 09/15/1902 20
Samuel Blatchford Arthur 04/03/1882 07/07/1893 11
Lucius Quintus C. Lamar Cleveland 01/18/1888 01/23/1893 5
Melville Weston Fuller Cleveland 10/08/1888 07/04/1910 21
David Josiah Brewer Harrison 01/06/1890 03/28/1910 20
Henry Billings Brown Harrison 01/05/1891 05/28/1906 15
George Shiras, Jr. Harrison 10/10/1892 02/23/1903 10
Howell Edmunds Jackson Harrison 04/04/1893 08/08/1895 2
Edward Douglass White Cleveland 03/12/1894 *12/18/1910 16
Rufus Wheeler Peckham Cleveland 01/06/1896 10/24/1909 13
Joseph McKenna McKinley 01/26/1898 01/05/1925 26
Oliver Wendell Holmes Roosevelt, T. 12/08/1902 01/12/1932 29
William Rufus Day Roosevelt, T. 03/02/1903 11/13/1922 19
William Henry Moody Roosevelt, T. 12/17/1906 11/20/1910 3
Horace Harmon Lurton Taft 01/03/1910 07/12/1914 4
Charles Evans Hughes Taft 10/10/1910 06/10/1916 5
Edward Douglass White Taft 12/19/1910 05/19/1921 10
Wilis Van Devanter Taft 01/03/1911 06/02/1937 26
Joseph Rucker Lamar Taft 01/03/1911 01/02/1916 4
Mahlon Pitney Taft 03/18/1912 12/31/1922 10
James Clark McReynolds Wilson 10/12/1914 01/31/1941 26
Louis Dembitz Brandeis Wilson 06/05/1916 02/13/1939 22
John Hessin Clarke Wilson 10/09/1916 09/18/1922 5
William Howard Taft Harding 07/11/1921 02/03/1930 8
George Sutherland Harding 10/02/1922 01/17/1938 15
Pierce Butler Harding 01/02/1923 11/16/1939 16
Edward Terry Sanford Harding 02/19/1923 03/08/1930 7
Harlan Fiske Stone Coolidge 03/02/1925 *07/02/1941 16
Charles Evans Hughes Hoover 02/24/1930 06/30/1941 11
Owen Josephus Roberts Hoover 06/02/1930 07/31/1945 15
Benjamin Nathan Cardoza Hoover 03/14/1932 07/09/1938 6
Hugo Lafayette Black Roosevelt, F. 08/19/1937 09/17/1971 34
Stanley Forman Reed Roosevelt, F. 01/31/1938 02/25/1957 19
Felix Frankfurter Roosevelt, F. 01/30/1939 08/28/1962 23
William Orville Douglas Roosevelt, F. 04/17/1939 11/12/1975 36
Frank Murphy Roosevelt, F. 02/05/1940 07/19/1949 9
Harlan Fiske Stone Roosevelt, F. 07/03/1941 04/22/1946 4
James Francis Byrnes Roosevelt, F. 07/08/1941 10/03/1942 1
Robert Houghwout Jackson Roosevelt, F. 07/11/1941 10/09/1954 13
Wiley Blount Rutledge Roosevelt, F. 02/15/1943 09/10/1949 6
Harold Hitz Burton Truman 10/01/1945 10/13/1958 13
Fred Moore Vinson Truman 06/24/1946 09/08/1953 7
Tom Campbell Clark Truman 08/24/1949 06/12/1967 17
Sherman Minton Truman 10/12/1949 10/15/1956 7
Earl Warren Eisenhower 10/05/1953 06/23/1969 15
John Marshall Harlan Eisenhower 03/28/1955 09/23/1971 16
William J. Brennan, Jr. Eisenhower 10/16/1956 07/20/1990 33
Charles Evans Whittaker Eisenhower 03/25/1957 03/31/1962 5
Potter Stewart Eisenhower 10/14/1958 07/03/1981 22
Byron Raymond White Kennedy 04/16/1962 06/28/1993 31
Arthur Joseph Goldberg Kennedy 10/01/1962 07/25/1965 2
Abe Fortas Johnson, L. 10/04/1965 05/14/1969 3
Thurgood Marshall Johnson, L. 10/02/1967 10/01/1991 23
Warren Earl Burger Nixon 06/23/1969 09/26/1986 17
Harry A. Blackmun Nixon 06/09/1970 08/03/1994 24
Lewis F. Powell, Jr. Nixon 01/07/1972 06/26/1987 15
William H. Rehnquist Nixon 01/07/1972 *09/26/1986 14
John Paul Stevens Ford 12/19/1975 06/28/2010 34
Sandra Day O'Connor Reagan 09/25/1981 01/31/2006 24
William H. Rehnquist Reagan 09/26/1986 09/03/2005 18
Antonin Scalia Reagan 09/26/1986 23
Anthony M. Kennedy Reagan 02/18/1988 22
David H. Souter Bush, G.H.W. 10/09/1990 06/29/2009 18
Clarence Thomas Bush, G.H.W. 10/23/1991 18
Ruth Bader Ginsburg Clinton 08/10/1993 16
Stephen G. Breyer Clinton 08/03/1994 16
John G. Roberts, Jr. Bush, G.W. 09/29/2005 4
Samuel A. Alito, Jr. Bush, G.W. 01/31/2006 4
Sonia Sotomayor Obama 08/06/2009 1
Elena Kagan Obama 08/07/2010 0

Notes:
Total time on the bench for Edward Douglass White: 27 years
Total time on the bench for Harlan Fiske Stone: 21 years
Total time on the bench for William H. Rehnquist, Jr.: 33 years


URL: http://www.usconstitution.net/constjust.html